Why Barasingha is Called Swamp Deer?

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Barasingha is a type of deer found in wetland areas of India and Bangladesh. It is also called swamp deer, as it spends a lot of time in the water.

Barasingha Deer Physical Description

It has a long, thin neck and a flat head that resembles that of a capybara. Its legs are long and slender, making it an excellent jumper that can jump more than 3 meters into the air and more than 5 meters away from danger.

Barasingha has a sticky hide full of bristles and soft hair which helps to protect it from water or mud when it drinks or sinks into mud during foraging activities.

Barasingha Deer Population

The barasingha (or swamp deer) has been called the world’s most endangered large mammal. The last count in 2000 estimated there were around 3000-5000 individuals left in the wild.

What İs Barasingha Deer Size?

The males weigh around 400 to 500 kilograms and stand up to 1.5 meters tall at the shoulder.

Barasingha Deer Habitat 


The barasingha deer was once widespread in Nepal, but now it is limited to a small area of the Himalayas. It lives in the tree-covered hills and alpine meadows of Nepal.

It has been estimated that there are around 3,000–5,000 individuals in Nepal with the highest concentration in Chitwan National Park in southern Nepal.

Barasingha Deer Reproduction -Breeding

The Barasingha deer is a herbivore with a high capacity for reproduction. It has been observed that these animals use natural selection to select the best DNA from the herd of animals to ensure that their offspring are healthy.

Each barasingha female produces one or two young at a time, but they may produce as many as six. The gestation period is about 8-9 months and the young stay with their mother until they can fend for themselves.

How long does a barasingha deer live?

It can live up to 10 years in the wild and over 20 years in captivity.

Barasingha Deer Communication And Perception

The barasingha deer communicate through their eyes, ears, mouth, scent glands, and urine.

They use visual cues like the size of an individual’s body to determine how aggressive or submissive they should be.

They also use head bobs and subtle changes in the direction of their gaze to determine if another individual can see them or not.

The barasingha deer also perceive the world through sight and sound; they use auditory stimuli to determine if another individual can hear them or not.

Barasingha Deer Food Habits

The deer’s diet mainly consists of grasses but they also feed on leaves, fruit, and mushrooms. They are also known to eat insects like ants and termites when available.

A large part of their diet is probably ingested while they graze or browse on plants with their long curved snouts. The deer’s eyesight is poor so they rely heavily on smell.

Barasingha Deer Anti-predator Adaptations

With uniquely shaped antlers, barasingha deer are the ideal prey for a variety of predators.

The antlers serve as a deterrent to would-be predators by displaying the sizes and shapes of those that have been injured from previous encounters.

In addition to these adaptations, barasingha deer have other methods of protecting themselves from predators.

To lower their visibility to predators, they avoid open areas by moving through dense cover and inhabiting forested habitats. They also emit a foul odor from their urine, saliva, and feces.

Barasingha Deer Conservation Status

Barasingha deer are listed as critically endangered on the IUCN Red List because of habitat loss caused by deforestation and hunting pressure.

Barasingha Deer Ecosystem Roles

Ecosystem Roles

In addition to being a keystone species for biodiversity, they are also crucial for soil erosion reduction and water quality restoration.

They have a symbiotic relationship with a particular type of fungus which helps them to digest tough plant leaves so they need less food to survive.

These animals have an important role in spreading seeds through root-sucking below-ground activities.

How fast can a barasingha deer run?

The barasingha deer is one of the fastest animals on Earth. It can run up to 60 km/hour!

Is Barasingha Deer extinct?

Barasingha is a deer found in India and has been classified as a critically endangered animal. It is believed that the Barasingha has been driven to extinction by poaching and hunting.

What is the difference between deer and Barasingha?

The difference between deer and Barasingha is that deer have one antler per side, while a Barasingha has two antlers on each side.



What plants do barasingha deer avoid?

Barasingha deer avoid plants that have bitter or astringent tastes, such as plants with acrid latexes that contain tannins. They also avoid plants with scented oils and strong smells, which can irritate their sensitive noses and cause them to flee from the area.

Barasingha deer Where do barasingha deer sleep?

Despite their large size, barasingha deer usually sleep in dense undergrowth, where they are relatively safe from predators.

Barasingha deer Which national park is famous for Barasingha?

Barasingha deer are found in few national parks in India. The national park where Barasingha deer is most abundant is Kaziranga National Park.

Barasingha deer What is the scientific name of Barasingha?

The scientific name for the barasingha deer is Rusa unicolor. It is also called as Bhutan barasingha deer and Himalayan barasingha.

Barasingha deer How many types of Barasingha are there?

Barasingha is a kind of deer that has been classified in 4 different species.
Barasingha is a member of the Cervidae family. They are native to Southeast Asia and usually found in tropical forests, grasslands, and swamps. The four kinds of barasingha are the Indian barasingha, the Bornean barasingha, the Sumatran barasingha, and the Timor barasingha.

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