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Gongshan Muntjac: Facts and Information

This page features information about the Gongshan Muntjac, which is native to China.

What İs A Gongshan Muntjac Deer?

The Gongshan Muntjac (Muntiacus gongshanensis) is a species of muntjac deer that lives in the mountains of China.

What İs Gongshan Muntjac Size?

They are usually between one and two feet in length but some males can grow up to three feet long. They live in groups and like to stay close to each other when they’re in danger.

Geographic Range

Gongshan Muntjacs are found in the Gongshan area of China, which is in the southwest Yunnan province.

It is classified as endangered by the IUCN due to habitat loss and hunting. The Gongshan Muntjac is found in three provinces of China: Shaanxi Province, Gansu Province, and Qinghai Province.

They live in mountains over 3,000 meters above sea level.

The muntjac prefers to live in cool and moist forests and thickets of oak and cypress.


The habitat for Gongshan Muntjac is small forests with dense undergrowth. They live at altitudes up to 10,000 feet and thrive in areas with scattered bushes and thin woods.

Physical Description

Physical Description

The Gongshan Muntjac has a brown coat that becomes more reddish-brown with age. The face has stripes that are white on the bottom and dark brown on top.

The tail is dark brown with white spots at the base. It has three pairs of tusks with one pair on the lower jaw and two pairs on the upper jaw.


These small animals do not fully hibernate during winter but they do reduce their activity level during this time of year to conserve energy.

They mate during April-May and give birth during the late summer-early fall months with one offspring per litter.

Food Habits

The diet of these small animals consists mainly of leaves, fruits, herbs, seeds, and roots.

How long does a Gongshan Muntjac live?

The Gongshan Muntjac is a small deer that lives in China and Myanmar. They can live up to 8 years old in the wild and 23 years old in captivity.

Conservation Status

The Gongshan Muntjac is endemic to China and was first discovered in 1887. In 2007 it was classified as an endangered species by IUCN due to the degradation of its habitat from human activities which have reduced its population by more than 50%.

Communication and Perception

Gongshan Muntjacs use vocalizations and body language to communicate with other animals in the forest. These vocalizations include high-pitched whistles and howling sounds.

They also use their prehensile tail to communicate with other animals in the forest, for example, to warn them about danger or to show dominance.

It is unknown how well Gongshan Muntjacs hear, but they can see well up to 30 meters (98 feet) away if there is enough light.

Anti-predator Adaptations

Anti-predator Adaptations

The Gongshan Muntjac is a small deer endemic to the Qinling Mountains in China. This area is home to a wide variety of other animals, some of which are predators.

The muntjac’s habitat is changing rapidly due to climate change and human development.

Predators like pythons and leopards are not native to the Qinling Mountains but they are arriving more often now, drawn by changes in climate which allow them to survive at higher elevations than ever before.

The mutual has evolved with these changing conditions to avoid predators.

Ecosystem Roles

A variety of animals play different roles in the ecosystem. The Gongshan Muntjac is one of these animals. It has the role of prey, predator, and scavenger.

These three roles indicate that it can be consumed by other animals in the ecosystem for food or by bacteria in decomposition. It also has a role to consume plants for food which helps to keep ecosystems balanced.

Where do Gongshan Muntjac sleep?

The whole day, Gongshan Muntjac sleep in the trees of forests or on top of rocks on a mountain. Sometimes they sleep near a water source. They prefer to stay close to water when it is not raining because they need it for their survival, but when it rains they can find enough fresh water everywhere.

What plants do Gongshan Muntjac avoid?

They are nocturnal and spend most of their time resting in the day.
The Gongshan Muntjac avoids plants such as:
“Weeping Willow”

Can Gongshan Muntjac swim?

The Gongshan Muntjac is a small hoofed animal that is found in the forests of China. They are known for their ability to swim and can usually be found near rivers and lakes.

It can swim up to 500 meters, although it will often do so only when it needs to escape from predators.

Are Gongshan Muntjac aggressive?

Hunters often find that they are outmatched by the Gongshan Muntjac because these animals are very aggressive and difficult to kill. These animals will charge at hunters to try to scare them away from their territory or prey if they see them coming towards them.

How high can a Gongshan Muntjac jump?

Gongshan Muntjacs are a type of deer that live in the mountainous areas in the Southwestern part of China. They are known for their ability to jump high.
A study done by the National University of Singapore has found out that Gongshan Muntjacs can jump up to 6 meters high – which is an amazing height for a small animal like this.
The study also found that these animals can jump up to 6 times in one second which means they can get to an incredible speed.
Further research has found out that these animals can even perform acrobatic moves like backflips and headstands when they are jumping over an obstacle or trying to get away from predators.

Do foxes eat Gongshan Muntjac deer?

It is not clear if foxes eat Gongshan Muntjac deer. There has not been any documentation of this interaction in nature. However, there is a chance that they could interact because foxes and Gongshan Muntjacs live in the same forest and space and come into contact with each other.

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