Awesome Russian Deer With Fangs

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The Russian deer is an endangered species that is believed to originate in Russia. Its popularity has led to the creation of paintings, photographs, and sculptures. This deer is characterized by its long legs, bushy tail, and its white-tipped horns.

Physical Description

The Russian deer, also known as the Siberian or East Siberian deer, is a large subspecies of reindeer that is native to the forest and tundra regions of Russia, Mongolia, and China. They are highly adapted to cold environments and have several physical features that allow them to survive in harsh conditions.

Russian deer are typically larger and heavier than other subspecies of reindeer, with males (called bulls) weighing between 350 and 600 pounds and females (called cows) weighing between 200 and 400 pounds. They have a stocky build with short, sturdy legs that are covered in shaggy fur to protect them from the cold.

Their fur is usually a dark brown color, although some individuals may have lighter or reddish fur. They also have a distinctive white rump patch and a lighter-colored neck that contrasts with the darker body fur.

Both male and female Russian deer have antlers, although the antlers of males are larger and more impressive. They grow new antlers each year, which can reach up to 4 feet in length and are typically covered in a soft velvet during the growth process.

Overall, the Russian deer is a robust and hardy animal that is well-suited to the harsh environments of its native range.



What is Russian Deer Size?

Russian deer, also known as East Siberian or Siberian reindeer, are one of the largest subspecies of reindeer. Adult males, also called bulls, can reach a height of up to 4.5 feet (1.4 meters) at the shoulder and weigh between 350 and 600 pounds (160-270 kilograms).

Females, or cows, are typically smaller, with a height of up to 3.5 feet (1.1 meters) at the shoulder and a weight between 200 and 400 pounds (90-180 kilograms). Their large size and stocky build make them well-adapted to living in harsh environments with long, cold winters.

Food Habits

Russian deer, like other subspecies of reindeer, are herbivores, meaning they feed exclusively on plant material. They have a unique digestive system that allows them to extract nutrients from tough, fibrous vegetation, such as lichens, mosses, and woody shrubs, which are abundant in their native range.

During the summer months, Russian deer primarily feed on leaves, buds, and grasses, which are easier to digest and provide a higher nutritional value. In the winter, when food is scarcer and the ground is covered in snow, they rely heavily on lichens and other winter forage to survive.

Russian deer are also known for their ability to dig through snow and ice to reach food. They use their powerful hooves and long, sharp claws to break through the frozen surface and access the vegetation beneath.

Overall, the diet of the Russian deer is highly variable and dependent on seasonal changes and the availability of food in their environment. They have evolved unique adaptations to be able to survive and thrive in some of the harshest and most challenging environments on the planet.

Reproduction -Breeding

Russian deer are polygynous, meaning that males mate with multiple females during the breeding season. Breeding usually occurs during the fall months, when the days are getting shorter and the weather is beginning to get colder.

During the breeding season, males compete for access to females, often engaging in aggressive displays and battles with other males to establish dominance. Once a male has established his dominance, he will mate with as many females as possible.

After mating, the female carries the fertilized egg for about 7-8 months before giving birth to a single calf in the spring. Calves are born with a thick, woolly coat to help protect them from the cold, and they are able to walk and follow their mothers shortly after birth.

Female Russian deer are typically able to breed when they are around 2-3 years old, while males reach sexual maturity at around 5 years of age. Russian deer can live for up to 15-20 years in the wild, although their lifespan can be shorter in captivity or in areas where they are hunted by predators or humans.

Communication and Perception

Russian deer, like other members of the deer family, use a variety of vocalizations and body language to communicate with each other. They have a range of different calls, including grunts, bleats, and snorts, which they use to signal alarm, aggression, or to locate other members of their herd.

In addition to vocalizations, Russian deer also communicate through body language. For example, they may raise their heads or stamp their hooves to signal alarm, or they may lower their heads and tilt their ears forward as a sign of aggression.

Russian deer also have well-developed senses of sight, hearing, and smell, which they use to navigate their environment and detect potential threats. Their eyes are positioned on the sides of their heads, giving them a wide field of vision that helps them to detect predators from a distance. They also have large, mobile ears that can swivel to detect sounds in different directions.

Finally, Russian deer have a highly developed sense of smell, which they use to detect predators and locate food. They have a specialized organ in their nose called the vomeronasal organ, which allows them to detect and analyze pheromones from other deer and detect other scents in their environment. This keen sense of smell helps them to find food, detect predators, and locate other members of their herd.

Ecosystem Roles

Ecosystem Roles

Russian deer, as a large herbivorous mammal, play an important role in their ecosystem as both a consumer and a source of food for other organisms. Here are some of the ways they contribute to their ecosystem:

  1. Grazing: Russian deer are important grazers in their environment, feeding on a variety of plant material, including lichens, mosses, and woody shrubs. By consuming these plants, they help to keep them in check and prevent them from becoming overgrown and dominating the ecosystem.
  2. Food source: Russian deer are an important food source for many predators, including wolves, bears, and lynx. By providing a source of food for these predators, they help to maintain the balance of the ecosystem.
  3. Nutrient cycling: As herbivores, Russian deer help to cycle nutrients through the ecosystem. By consuming plant material and excreting waste, they return nutrients to the soil, which can then be taken up by other plants and used as a source of food.
  4. Seed dispersal: Russian deer may also play a role in seed dispersal, as they consume a variety of plant material and may transport seeds in their digestive tract. This can help to distribute plant species across the landscape and promote biodiversity.

Overall, Russian deer are an important component of their ecosystem, contributing to the balance and health of the ecosystem through their grazing, role as a food source, and nutrient cycling.

Conservation Status

The conservation status of Russian deer, also known as Siberian reindeer, is currently classified as “Least Concern” by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). This means that the species is not currently facing a significant threat of extinction.

However, while the overall population of Russian deer is stable, there are localized threats to some populations, particularly in areas where habitat loss and hunting pressure are high. Human activities such as mining, oil and gas exploration, and logging can disrupt their habitat and lead to declines in their populations.

Additionally, illegal hunting for their meat and antlers is a problem in some areas, and can have a significant impact on local populations. Climate change may also be affecting the availability of their preferred food sources, such as lichens, which could have long-term impacts on their populations.

Conservation efforts for Russian deer include measures to protect their habitat, reduce hunting pressure, and monitor population trends. These efforts are important to ensure that this iconic species remains a thriving part of the ecosystem and culture of the regions where they are found.


The population of Russian deer, also known as Siberian reindeer, is difficult to estimate because they inhabit vast and remote areas in Russia and neighboring countries. However, it is believed that the current population is between 1.5 million and 2 million individuals.

Russian deer populations are generally stable, although localized declines can occur due to habitat loss and hunting pressure. The species is an important resource for indigenous communities in northern Russia, who depend on them for food and other materials. These communities have traditionally managed deer populations through practices such as regulated hunting and the maintenance of migratory routes.

Referans: Siberian musk deer


İs Russian Deer aggressive?

Russian Deer are not aggressive because they are herbivorous. They are known to attack humans, but it is rare.

İs Russian Deer good to eat?

An animal that has been hunted and killed will need time for the meat to age and dry out before it can be consumed. You should also keep in mind that some parts of the animal may be poisonous like the liver and guts.
Yes, Russian deer is safe to eat as long as it was hunted traditionally, meaning live animals were not harmed by humans.

Can Russian Deer swim?

Russian deer can swim on their back legs but it is very difficult for them. They cannot swim forward on their front legs like most other animals because they have a short neck and big head.

What plants do Russian Deer avoid?

The Russian Deer avoids plants that are known to contain cyanide compounds which are poisonous to them, including Magnolia grandiflora, Achillea millefolium, Artemisia absinthium and Digitalis lanata.

Where do Russian Deer sleep?

Russian deer sleep during the day and feed in the evening. They like to rest in dense forested areas where they feel safe and protected from predators.
Russian deer usually sleep in hollow trees or other natural shelters, but they can also be seen sleeping on the ground.

Why do Siberian musk deer have fangs?

The Siberian musk deer have a unique trait for a herbivore. They have an unusual set of teeth that are capable of opening and closing their mouths. The upper jaw has a set of three or four long, sharp canines that protrude from the mouth to form fangs, which the deer use to capture and tear off small plants from trees.
In addition to being used as weapons by predators like wolves and brown bears, these canines make it easier for the deer to consume plant matter in their diets. Like other animals, musk deers use their teeth to eat food; however, they also use them as weapons when predators approach them.

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